To evaluate the performance of our first year CS majored students, we consider their grades of three courses only: C – C Programming Language, M – Mathematics (Calculus or Linear Algebra), and E – English. At the mean time, we encourage students by emphasizing on their best ranks — that is, among the four ranks with respect to the three courses and the average grade, we print the best rank for each student.

For example, The grades of C, M, E and A – Average of 4 students are given as the following: StudentID C M E A 310101 98 85 88 90 310102 70 95 88 84 310103 82 87 94 88 310104 91 91 91 91

Then the best ranks for all the students are No.1 since the 1st one has done the best in C Programming Language, while the 2nd one in Mathematics, the 3rd one in English, and the last one in average.

Input

Each input file contains one test case. Each case starts with a line containing 2 numbers N and M (<=2000), which are the total number of students, and the number of students who would check their ranks, respectively. Then N lines follow, each contains a student ID which is a string of 6 digits, followed by the three integer grades (in the range of [0, 100]) of that student in the order of C, M and E. Then there are M lines, each containing a student ID.

Output

For each of the M students, print in one line the best rank for him/her, and the symbol of the corresponding rank, separated by a space.

The priorities of the ranking methods are ordered as A > C > M > E. Hence if there are two or more ways for a student to obtain the same best rank, output the one with the highest priority.

If a student is not on the grading list, simply output “N/A”.

Sample Input

5 6 310101 98 85 88 310102 70 95 88 310103 82 87 94 310104 91 91 91 310105 85 90 90 310101 310102 310103 310104 310105 999999

Sample Output

1 C 1 M 1 E 1 A 3 A N/A

给出N个学生的学号,以及他们的C(C语言)成绩,M(数学)成绩,E(英语)成绩,要求对他们的成绩排序。

然后输入M个学号查看每个学生的最佳排名和对应科目,如果有排名相同的,输出优先级最高的。(优先级A>C>M>E)

按照优先级ACME保存成绩,算最佳排名可以简化逻辑.

Solution

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
#include <cctype>
#include <string>
#include <cmath>
#include <iomanip>
using namespace std;
struct stu
{
	int id;
	int grade[4],rank[4];
	int bestRank;//最高rank的下标
};
stu stus[2001];
int exist[1000000];
int flag;
char c[4] = { 'A','C','M','E' };
bool cmp(stu s1, stu s2) {
	return s1.grade[flag] > s2.grade[flag];
}
 
int main() {
	memset(exist, -1, sizeof(exist));
	int n, m;
	cin >> n >> m;
	for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
		int a, b, c, d;
		cin >> a >> b >> c >> d;
		stus[i].id = a;
		//grade存储顺序是ACME,简化逻辑
		stus[i].grade[1] = b;
		stus[i].grade[2] = c;
		stus[i].grade[3] = d;
		stus[i].grade[0] = (b + c + d) / 3;
	}
	//给rank[]赋值
	for (flag = 0; flag < 4; flag++) {
		sort(stus, stus + n, cmp);
		for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
			stus[i].rank[flag] = i + 1;
			if (i != 0 && stus[i].grade[flag] == stus[i - 1].grade[flag]) {
				stus[i].rank[flag] = stus[i - 1].rank[flag];
			}
		}
	}
	//排名
	for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
		int min = stus[i].rank[0];
		stus[i].bestRank = 0;
		for (int k = 1; k < 4; k++) {
			if (stus[i].rank[k] < min) {
				min = stus[i].rank[k];
				stus[i].bestRank = k;
			}
		}
	}
	//保存id对应stus下标
	for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
		exist[stus[i].id] = i;
	}
	//查询
	for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
		int sid;
		cin >> sid;
		if (exist[sid]!= -1) {
			cout << stus[exist[sid]].rank[stus[exist[sid]].bestRank]<< 
				" " << c[stus[exist[sid]].bestRank] << endl;
		}
		else {
			cout << "N/A" << endl;
		}
	}
	//system("pause");
	return 0;
}